When John wrote his gospel, he considered whether Jesus is both fully human and fully divine.
Only if Jesus is fully human and fully God can He provide salvation for the sins of the world.
So John records seven signs that reveal Jesus as the Messiah and Son of God, and point people to faith in Him:
- turning water into wine (Jn 2:1-11),
- healing a royal official’s son (Jn 4:43-54),
- healing a disabled man (Jn 5:1-15),
- feeding 5,000 people (Jn 6:1-14),
- walking on water (Jn 6:16-21),
- healing a man born blind (Jn 9:1-41),
- and raising Lazarus (Jn 11:1-43).
At the conclusion of the first sign John explains, “What Jesus did here in Cana of Galilee was the first of the signs through which he revealed his glory; and his disciples believed in him” (Jn 2:11).
John also records seven “I am” statements–metaphors that Jesus uses to describe Himself:
- “I am the bread of life”–the source of spiritual life (Jn 6:35-58)
- “I am the light of the world” — the source of life and guidance (Jn 8:12; 9:5)
- “I am the gate for the sheep” — protection from danger (Jn 10:7-10)
- “I am the good shepherd”– provider and protector (Jn 10:1 1-14)
- “I am the resurrection and the life”– provider of eternal life (Jn 11:25)
- “I am the way and the truth and the life”– the one true way to know God (Jn 14:6)
- “I am the true vine” –the source of life and spiritual health (Jn 15:1)
John sums up his gospel with this statement of purpose:
“These are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name” (Jn 20:31).
Selected by Doug Nichols and adapted from Understanding the Bible: The Gospels by Mark Strauss at discoveryseries.org/q0414